George Johann Klein invented the electric-powered wheelchair within the 1950s. Considered as the most productive Canadian inventor of the twentieth century, his other notable innovations embrace the microsurgical staple gun, the ZEEP nuclear reactor, the Canadarm, and the Weasel all terrain vehicle. Klein was working for the National Research Council of Canada when he came up with the electric wheelchair which was meant for injured World War II veterans.

In 2005, the first successfully working electric wheelchair was welcomed back to Canada in the course of the official launch of Klein's biography in Ottawa. The chair had been given to the federal government of the United States in 1955 in a gesture to demonstrate the commitment of Canada to assist disabled individuals all over the world. It's now displayed at the Canada Science and Technology Museum.

The electric wheelchair has been dubbed as Canada's Great Invention. Its development was spurred by the inflow of veterans of the Second World War who had change into disabled by accidents sustained in battle. The concerted efforts of the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Paraplegic Affiliation, and Canada's Department of Veteran Affairs resulted in an electric motor propelled wheelchair that was truly useful.

Before the advent of this type of wheelchair, quadriplegics had no way to move round by themselves. A little earlier, Canadian Paraplegic Affiliation founder John Counsel had successfully lobbied the Canadian Authorities for the mass purchase of guide wheelchairs. This helped paraplegic veterans however not quadriplegics. Dr. Klein, in collaboration with medical practitioners, patients, engineers, and scientists, then moved into the breach by originating the concept of the electronic wheelchair.

Born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on August 15, 1904, George Klein grew to become an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1968 and was later inducted to the Canadian Science and Technology Museum Corridor of Fame (in 1995) because of his work on the electric wheel chair and other noteworthy inventions. He died on November 4, 1992 in Ottawa on the age of 88 years.

His inventions, however, keep him alive within the memory of individuals everywhere in the world, especially of those who are enjoying the independence and mobility that he made doable by way of the electric wheelchair. Immediately there are lots of adaptations of this kind of wheelchair, which has been personalized to the totally different wants of individuals. Rear, centre, entrance wheel and 4 wheel drive variants are presently available.

Initially meant for quadriplegics and invalids who can't self-propel a manual wheelchair on account of sure disabilities, the electric-powered wheelchair is now additionally prescribed for persons who've cardiovascular conditions. It can be designed for use indoors or outdoors, or for both. There are portable models and full featured "rehab" models. There are kinds that have on-board chargers while others have separate chargers.

The electric wheelchair is managed by the use of joysticks or different kinds of units such as chin controls or puff/sip scanners. These controllers can regulate not only the chair's speed and direction but in addition different functional movements, akin to recline, tilt, seat elevation, and leg elevation, that make its occupant able to carry out sure motions and activities that would not have been possible otherwise.