Change control is a systematic approach to managing all adjustments made to a product or system. The purpose is to make sure that no pointless changes are made, all adjustments are documented, services aren't unnecessarily disrupted and resources are used efficiently. Within info technology (IT), change management is a element of change management.

The change management process is usually conducted as a sequence of steps proceeding from the submission of a change request. Typical IT change requests embrace the addition of features to software applications, the installation of patches and upgrades to network equipment or systems.

What's the process of change control?
Here's an instance of a six-step process for a software change request:

Documenting the change request. The consumer's change request or proposal is categorized and recorded along with informal assessments of the importance of that change and the problem of implementing it.
Formal assessment. This step evaluates the justification for the change and the risks and benefits of making or not making the change. If the change request is accepted, a development workforce will be assigned. If the change request is rejected, that's documented and communicated to the client.
Planning. The workforce responsible for the change creates a detailed plan for its design and implementation, as well as for rolling back the change ought to it be deemed unsuccessful.
Designing and testing. The workforce designs the program for the software change and tests it. If the change is deemed profitable, the crew requests approval and an implementation date.
Implementation and review. The workforce implements the program and stakeholders review the change.
Final assessment. If the shopper is happy with the implementation of the change, the change request is closed. If the consumer is just not glad, the project is reassessed and steps could also be repeated.

Change management in project administration
Change management is an important part of project management in IT and non-IT areas -- together with manufacturing and prescribed drugs -- and can be a formal or casual process. Project managers look at change requests to find out their potential impact on the project or system as a whole. Efficient change control processes are critical for incorporating obligatory modifications, while making certain they don't disrupt different project activities or delay progress. Each potential change have to be evaluated in relation to its potential impact on the following:

scope of the project;
schedule of progress and milestones;
costs of additional labor and different resource requirements;
quality of the completed project, as extreme quantities of work can lead to rushed work, leading to a higher likelihood of defects;
human resources, as change requests might require additional labor or specialized skills;
risk, as even minor modifications can have a domino impact on the project leading to potential logistical, monetary or security risks;
procurement of supplies, labor, skills and other crucial project resources; and
stakeholders -- together with project managers, executives, firm owners, crew members or buyers -- who might voice their help or push back on a project.
Benefits of change management
Efficient change control can provide the next potential benefits for projects in any industry:

better price and risk avoidance;
decrease risk associated with every individual change;
reduced period of time needed for adjustments;
adjustments could be factored in with less disruption to project schedule, as requests will be considered and managed across the project timeline; and
project managers will be told about change wants within the planning section and have time to consider doable courses of action.

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